1. QA vs QC
QA: Ensuring product/service quality through planned activities.
QC: Verifying adherence to quality standards.

2. Audit vs Inspection
Audit: Systematic evaluation against set criteria.
Inspection: Checking conformance to requirements.

3. Defect vs Defective
Defect: Non-conformance causing customer dissatisfaction.
Defective: A unit with one or more defects.

4. DPMO vs PPM
DPMO: Defects per million opportunities.
PPM: Number of defective parts per million produced.

5. Sample vs Population
Sample: Subset of a population.
Population: Total group of interest.

6. COO vs COPO
COO: All costs linked to product/service quality.
COPO: Costs arising from defects and nonconformities.

7. Rework vs Repair
Rework: Making a non-conforming product meet requirements.
Repair: Making it acceptable for intended use.

8. Document vs Record
Document: Plan on how something should be done.
Record: Account of something done.

9. SOP vs WI
SOP: Guide outlining a task’s purpose and process.
WI: Detailed instructions for a task.

10. APQP vs PPAP
APQP: Ensuring new product quality through structured planning.
PPAP: Standardized approval process for new production parts.

11. ISO vs IATF
ISO: NGO that creates international standards.
IATF: Automotive organizations creating quality standards.

12. Instrument vs Equipment
Instrument: Measures machine data.
Equipment: The machine processing the work.

13. Deviation vs Concession
Deviation: Pre-realization deviation permission.
Concession: Using a non-conforming product/service.

14. Corrective vs Preventive Action
Corrective: Addressing occurred nonconformity.
Preventive: Preventing potential nonconformity.

15. Check Sheet vs Check List
Check Sheet: Real-time data collection.
Checklist: Ensuring step completion.

16. Innovation vs Improvement
Innovation: Creating something new.
Improvement: Enhancing existing elements.

17. CAPA vs RCA
CAPA: Addressing process issues.
RCA: Identifying problem root causes.

18. CpK vs PpK
CpK & PpK: Process capability measures.

19. TPM vs TQM
TPM: Continuous maintenance strategy involving everyone.
TQM: Philosophy of continuous improvement and customer satisfaction.

20. Verification vs Validation
Verification: Checking regulatory compliance.
Validation: Ensuring customer needs are met.

21. Lean vs Six Sigma
Lean: Focus on customer value and flow enhancement.
Six Sigma: Reducing variation using statistics.

22. Value Added vs Non-Value Added
Value Added: Customer sees worth.
Non-Value Added: No additional customer value.

23. Risk vs Opportunity
Risk: Uncertainty’s effect on expected outcomes.
Opportunity: Positive risk side.

24. Process vs Product Audit
Process Audit: Assessing organizational processes.
Product Audit: Assessing individual products.

25. TQM vs QMS
TQM: Philosophy emphasizing continuous improvement.
QMS: Set processes ensuring consistent high-quality products/services.

26. VOC vs VOP
VOC: Customer needs and requirements.
VOP: Process performance communication.

27. Process Stability vs Capability
Stability: Process consistency.
Capability: Meeting specifications.

28. Data vs Information
Data: Raw, unorganized facts.
Information: Contextual, analyzed data.

29. Efficiency vs Effectiveness
Efficiency: Doing the right things.
Effectiveness: Doing things correctly.

30. Continuous vs Continual Improvement
Continuous: Uninterrupted enhancement.
Continual: Phased improvement with intervals.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *